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Hard skills: types, examples, and importance📔📌

If you want to apply for a job, the first thing that HR looks at is how good your hard skills are. They can tell it by what university you graduated from, how well you did at previous jobs, what certificates you have. Do hard skills really determine your future, though? If you haven’t read our article about soft skills: part 1 and part 2 be sure to check it out!

Hard skills are the abilities that allow you to tackle job-specific duties and responsibilities. In contrast to soft skills, they can be acquired and enhanced through practice, repetition, and education. Typically, the hard skills needed for a position are listed in the job description’s “Requirements” section. For a taxi driver these are driving skills, for an architect — knowledge of AutoCad and Photoshop programs.

Hard skills are tested in any case whatever job you apply for. Whereas, soft skills are checked at the option of an HR manager. It depends what is more important for an employer: professional competences or personal traits. If a driver has to work for a not talkative businessman, they are likely to neglect of their communication abilities. However, if it’s important for the employer to have a talkative worker, they will prefer the candidate who possesses better social skills.

Types
We acquire hard skills at school, university, and work. Doing mathematics, speaking a foreign language, working in 1C system — we can easily learn to do it and then prove our knowledge by testing.
Examples:

• Technical skills;
• Computer skills;
• Microsoft Office skills;
• Analytical skills;
• Marketing skills;
• Management skills.

What is more important?
There is no single formula how many soft and hard skills one should possess. Nevertheless, there can be rationed according to 3 job types:

Hard > Soft
Hard skills are an absolute priority for physicians, IT specialists, engineers, etc. In order to be an excellent worker in technical spheres, it’s not so necessary to have great social skills or be able to eloquently express your thoughts.

Hard = Soft
For accountants, lawyers, and teachers hard skills are important as well as soft ones. Such specialists have to acquire strong theoretical basis and at the same possess a communicative competence.

Hard < Soft
Soft skills are more important for businessmen, entrepreneurs, marketing specialists, and creative professions. Here it’s essential to be able to get along with people, understand their emotions, and clearly convey information.

Though hard skills are essential, they don’t determine your career success fully. Due to the AI development, many technical tasks can be entreated to technologies. However, replacing the human with the computer in terms of communication is questionable.

Would you employ a brilliant specialist who cannot get on well with the staff or a communicative worker who has mediocre professional skills? Share in comments 💬

📍Monthly Pitch is held on 21/10/21. The participants will demonstrate both their hard and soft skills. The best idea will get $1,500.


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